1. Use a debugger to step through code and inspect variables. A debugger is a tool that allows you to execute code line by line, and examine the values of variables at each step. This can be especially helpful when you are trying to understand how a piece of code is behaving. Most modern code editors and IDEs come with a built-in debugger, or you can use a standalone debugger such as GDB or LLDB. Here’s an example of how to use the JavaScript debugger in the Chrome Developer Tools:
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To use the debugger, simply add the debugger keyword at the point in your code where you want to start debugging. When you run the code, execution will pause at the debugger statement, and you can use the debugger’s tools to inspect variables, step through the code, and more.

  1. Understand the error messages you receive and use them to identify the problem.

When your code throws an error, it will usually provide a message that can help you understand what went wrong. It’s important to take the time to read and understand these messages, as they can often provide valuable clues about the root cause of the problem. For example, if you see a message like “TypeError: Cannot read property ‘name’ of undefined”, it tells you that you are trying to access a property of an object that is undefined, which can help you identify the line of code that is causing the problem.

  1. Isolate the problem by commenting out or temporarily removing parts of the code.

When you are debugging a complex piece of code, it can be helpful to narrow down the problem by commenting out or temporarily removing parts of the code and seeing how it affects the behavior. This can help you identify which specific lines or blocks of code are causing the problem. For example, if you have a function with multiple arguments and you suspect that one of the arguments is causing the problem, you could try commenting out that argument and see if the problem goes away.

  1. Write clean, well-structured code to make debugging easier.

One of the best ways to make debugging easier is to write clean, well-structured code from the start. This means using descriptive variable names, adding comments to explain what your code is doing, and organizing your code into logical blocks. By doing this, you can make it easier to understand and trace the flow of your code, which can help you identify and fix problems more quickly.

  1. Use logging statements to help trace the flow of your program and identify problem areas.

Logging statements are pieces of code that you can use to output messages or values to a console or log file. They can be especially helpful when you are trying to trace the flow of your program and understand how different parts of your code are interacting. For example, you might add a logging statement to print out the value of a variable at a certain point in your code, or print out a message when a certain function is called. This can help you identify where the problem is occurring, and give you a better understanding of how your code is behaving.

By following these tips and being proactive about debugging, you can save time, reduce frustration, and become a more efficient and effective developer. Debugging skills are essential for any level 2 developer, and these tips can help you take your skills to the next level. Remember to use a debugger, understand error messages, isolate the problem, write clean code, and use logging statements to help identify problem areas. With practice and persistence, you can become an expert at debugging and troubleshooting your code.